International Journal of Drug Policy - 2014

Volume 25 Issue 3 May 2014

Issue link:

Contents of this Issue


Page 121 of 153

622 C.E. Sterk et al. / International Journal of Drug Policy 25 (2014) 616–623 of individual users in order to aid those most impacted by crack cocaine. Acknowledgements This research was supported by funding from the National Insti- tute on Drug Abuse (R01DA025607). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute on Drug Abuse or the National Institutes of Health. Conflicts of interest: We have no conflicts of interest to report for the paper. References Baron, R., & Kenny, D. (1986). Moderator-mediator variables distinction in social psy- chological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. Boardman, J. D., Finch, B. K., Ellison, C. G., Williams, D. R., & Jackson, J. S. (2001). Neighborhood disadvantage, stress, and drug use among adults. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42, 151–165. Bourgois, P. (1995). In search of respect: Selling crack in El Barrio. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. Bradizza, C. M., & Stasiewicz, P. R. (2003). Qualitative analysis of high-risk drug and alcohol use situations among severely mentally ill substance abusers. Addictive Behaviors, 28(1), 157–169. Brewer, D. D., Dudek, J. A., Potterat, J. J., Muth, S. Q., Roberts, J. M., & Wood- house, D. E. (2006). Extent, trends, and perpetrators of prostitution-related homicide in the United States. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 51(5), 1101–1108. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press. Cornish, J. W., & O'Brien, C. P. (1996). Crack cocaine abuse: An epidemic with many public health consequences. Annual Review of Public Health, 17(1), 259–273. Cross, J. C., Johnson, B. D., Davis, W. R., & Liberty, H. J. (2001). Supporting the habit: Income generation activities of frequent crack users compared with fre- quent users of other hard drugs. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 64(2), 191–201. Crum, R. M., Lillie-Blanton, M., & Anthony, J. C. (1996). Neighborhood environment and opportunity to use cocaine and other drugs in late childhood and early adolescence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 43(3), 155–161. Daniulaityte, R., Carlson, R. G., & Siegal, H. A. (2007). Heavy Users," "Con- trolled Users" and "Quitters": Understanding patterns of crack use among women in a midwestern city. Substance Use & Misuse, 42(1), 129–152. DeBeck, K., Kerr, T., Li, K., Fischer, B., Buxton, J., Montaner, J., et al. (2009). Smoking of crack cocaine as a risk factor for HIV infection among people who use injection drugs. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 181(9), 585–589. DePadilla, L., & Wolfe, M. (2012). Drug abuse patterns and trends in Atlanta – Update, January 2012. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, National Institutes of Health. Duncan, S. C., Duncan, T. E., & Strycker, L. A. (2002). A multilevel analysis of neigh- borhood context and youth alcohol and drug problems. Prevention Science, 3(2), 125–133. Ehrman, R. N., Robbins, S. J., Childress, A. R., & O'Brien, C. P. (1992). Conditioned responses to cocaine-related stimuli in cocaine abuse patients. Psychopharma- cology, 107(4), 523–529. Epstein, D. H., Willner-Reid, J., Vahabzadeh, M., Mezghanni, M., Lin, J.-L., & Preston, K. L. (2009). Real-time electronically diary reports of cue exposure and mood in the hours before cocaine and heroin craving and use. Archives of General Psychiatry, 66(1), 88–94. Falck, R. S., Wang, J., & Carlson, R. G. (2008). Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction? Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 98(1–2), 24–29. Falck, R. S., Wang, J., Carlson, R. G., & Siegal, H. A. (2001). The epidemiology of physical attack and rape among crack-using women. Violence And Victims, 16(1), 79–89. Fothergill, K. E., Ensminger, M. E., Green, K. M., Robertson, J. A., & Hee Soon, J. (2009). Pathways to adult marijuana and cocaine use: A prospective study of African Americans from age 6 to 42. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 50(1), 65–81. Fuller, C. M., Borrell, L. N., Latkin, C., Galea, S., Ompad, D. C., Strathdee, S. A., et al. (2005). Effects of race, neighborhood, and social network on age at initia- tion of injection drug use. American Journal of Public Health, 95(4), 689–695. Galea, S., Ahern, J., & Vlahov, D. (2003). Contextual determinants of drug use risk behavior: A theoretic framework. Journal of Urban Health, 80(4), iii50–iii58. Galea, S., Rudenstine, S., & Vlahov, D. (2005). Drug use, misuse, and the urban environment. Drug and Alcohol Review, 24(2), 127–136. 10.1080/09595230500102509 German, D., & Sterk, C. (2002). Looking beyond stereotypes: Exploring variation among crack smokers. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 20, 534–556. Gibbons, F. X., Gerrard, M., Lune, L. S. V., Wills, T. A., Brody, G., & Conger, R. D. (2004). Context and cognitions: Environmental risk, social influence, and adoles- cent substance use. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(8), 1048–1061. Golub, A., Dunlap, E., & Benoit, E. (2010). Drug use and conflict in inner-city African-American relationships in the 2000s. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 42(3), 327–337. Hamid, A. (1992). The developmental cycle of a drug epidemic: The cocaine smoking epidemic of 1981–1991. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 24, 337–347. Harzke, A., Williams, M., & Bowen, A. (2009). Binge use of crack cocaine and sexual risk behaviors among African-American, HIV-positive users. AIDS and Behavior, 13(6), 1106–1118. Hatch, S. L. (2007). Economic stressors social integration and drug use among women in an inner city community. Journal of Drug Issues, 37, 257–280. Hilbe, J. M. (2008). Negative binomial regression. New York: Cambridge University Press. Inciardi, J. (1995). Crack, crack house sex, and HIV risk. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24(3), 249–269. Jang, S. J., & Johnson, B. R. (2001). Neighborhood disorder, individual religiosity and adolescent use of illicit drugs: A test of multilevel hypotheses. Criminology, 39(1), 109–144. Johnson, W. A., & Sterk, C. (2003). Late-onset crack users: An emergent HIV risk group. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 33. Karriker-Jaffe, K. J. (2011). Areas of disadvantage: A systematic review of effects of area-level socioeconomic status on substance use outcomes. Drug & Alcohol Review, 30(1), 84–95. Lambert, S., Brown, T., Phillips, C., & Ialongo, N. (2004). The relationship between perceptions of neighborhood characteristics and substance use among urban African American adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 34(3), 205–218. Latkin, C. A., Curry, A. D., Hua, W., & Davey, M. A. (2007). Direct and indirect associations of neighborhood disorder with drug use and high-risk sexual partners. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(Suppl. 6), S234–S241. Lipton, D. S., & Johnson, B. D. (1998). Smack, crack, and score: Two decades of NIDA- funded drugs and crime research at NDRI 1974–1994. Substance Use & Misuse, 33(9), 1779–1815. Logan, T. K., Cole, J., & Leukefeld, C. (2003). Gender differences in the context of sex exchange among individuals with a history of crack use. AIDS Education and Prevention, 15(5), 448–464. Long, S. J. (1997). Regression models for categorical and limited dependent variables. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Malchy, L., Bungay, V., & Johnson, J. (2008). Documenting practices and perceptions of 'safer' crack use: A Canadian pilot study. International Journal of Drug Policy, 19(4), 339–341. Mieczkowski, T. (1990). The operational styles of crack houses in Detroit. NIDA Research Monographs, 103, 60–91. Motivans, M. (2011). Federal justice statistics, 2009. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Ribeiro, L., Sanchez, Z., & Nappo, S. (2010). Surviving crack: A qualitative study of the strategies and tactics developed by Brazilian users to deal with the risks associated with the drug. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 671. Ross, C. E., & Mirowsky, J. (1999). Disorder and decay. Urban Affairs Review, 34(3), 412–432. Ross, C. E., & Mirowsky, J. (2001). Neighborhood disadvantage, disorder, and health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42(3), 258–276. 10.2307/3090214 Schönnesson, L. N., Atkinson, J., Williams, M. L., Bowen, A., Ross, M. W., & Timpson, S. C. (2008). A cluster analysis of drug use and sexual HIV risks and their correlates in a sample of African-American crack cocaine smokers with HIV infec- tion. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 97(1–2), 44–53. j.drugalcdep.2008.03.023 Siegal, H. A., Falck, R. S., Wang, J., & Carlson, R. G. (2000). Crack-cocaine users as victims of physical attack. Journal of the National Medical Association, 92(2), 76–82. Sterk-Elifson, C., & Elifson, K. W. (1993). The social organization of crack cocaine use: The cycle in one type of base house. Journal of Drug Issues, 23, 429. Sterk, C. (1999a). Fast lives: Women who use crack cocaine. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Sterk, C. (1999b). Tricking and tripping: Prostitution in the era of AIDS. Putnam Valley: Social Change Press. Sterk, C., Elifson, K., & German, D. (2000). Female crack users and their sexual rela- tionships. Journal of Sex Research, 37(4), 354–360. Sterk, C., Theall, K. P., & Elifson, K. (2005). African American female drug users and HIV risk reduction: Challenges with criminal involvement. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 16(4), 89–107. Sterk, C. E., Elifson, K. W., & Theall, K. P. (2007). Individual action and community con- text: The Health Intervention Project. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6), S177–S181. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2010). The NSDUH report: Substance use among black adults. Rockville, MD. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2012). Results from the 2011 national survey on drug use and health: Summary of national findings. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health

Articles in this issue

Links on this page

view archives of International Journal of Drug Policy - 2014 - Volume 25 Issue 3 May 2014